Keycloak

From NixOS Wiki

Keycloak (Wikipedia) is identity and access management software, and can serve as an authentication server for applications (providing support for OpenID Connect, OAuth 2.0, and SAML).

For official documentation on Keycloak please consult the NixOS manual.

Setup

Following configuration will enable a minimal and insecure Keycloak instance for testing purpose.

environment.etc."keycloak-database-pass".text = "PWD";
services.keycloak = {
  enable = true;
  settings = {
    hostname = "localhost";
    http-enabled = true;
    hostname-strict-https = false;
  };
  database.passwordFile = "/etc/keycloak-database-pass";
};

After applying the configuration the Keycloak management interface will be available at http://localhost. Login with username admin and password changeme.

Tips and tricks

Installation in subdirectory

Keycloak may be installed in a subdirectory of a domain. Thus you don't need to configure and expose a subdomain. For example with the following configuration, remember to edit domain.tld, reflecting your used domain.

/etc/nixos/configuration.nix
{

  services.nginx = {
    enable = true;

    # enable recommended settings
    recommendedGzipSettings = true;
    recommendedOptimisation = true;
    recommendedTlsSettings = true;
    recommendedProxySettings = true;

    virtualHosts = {
      "domain.tld" = {
        forceSSL = true;
        enableACME = true;
        locations = {
          "/cloak/" = {
            proxyPass = "http://localhost:${toString config.services.keycloak.settings.http-port}/cloak/";
          };
        };
      };
    };
  };

  services.postgresql.enable = true;

  services.keycloak = {
    enable = true;

    database = {
      type = "postgresql";
      createLocally = true;

      username = "keycloak";
      passwordFile = "/etc/nixos/secrets/keycloak_psql_pass";
    };

    settings = {
      hostname = "domain.tld";
      http-relative-path = "/cloak";
      http-port = 38080;
      proxy = "passthrough";
      http-enabled = true;
    };
  };

}

Keycloak themes on NixOS

You need to create a package for your custom theme and configure the keycloak service to use it

Here is a what a basic theme will look like :

   - configuration.nix
   - keycloak
       - custom_theme
           - login
               - resources
                   - css
                       - custom.css 
                  - theme.properties
       - default.nix <- set of packages to be imported in your configuration.nix
       - keycloak_custom_theme.nix <- package for your theme

Create a theme

custom.css
    body {
    	background: red;
         color: blue;
    }
theme.properties
    parent=base
    import=common/keycloak
    styles=css/custom.css

Create a package

keycloak_custom_theme.nix
    { stdenv }:
    stdenv.mkDerivation rec {
      name = "keycloak_custom_theme";
      version = "1.0";

      src = ./keycloak_custom_theme;

      nativeBuildInputs = [ ];
      buildInputs = [ ];

      installPhase = ''
        mkdir -p $out
        cp -a login $out
      '';
    }

Create a packages set

default.nix
     {pkgs, ...}: let
      callPackage = pkgs.callPackage;
    in {
      nixpkgs.overlays = [(final: prev: {
        custom_keycloak_themes = {
          custom = callPackage ./keycloak_custom_theme.nix {};
        };
      })];
    }

Configure your keycloak service

configuration.nix
    { config, pkgs, lib, ... }:
    {
    	imports =
    		[ # Include the results of the hardware scan.
    		./hardware-configuration.nix
    		./keycloak
    		];
    ...
    	environment.systemPackages = with pkgs; [
    		...
            # authentication requires
    		keycloak
    		custom_keycloak_themes.agatha
    	];
    ...
    services.keycloak = {
    		enable = true;
    		themes = with pkgs ; {
    			custom = custom_keycloak_themes.custom;
    		};
    ...
    }